General Factors of Ayurveda

Posted by Webdesk 03-05-2021

The word Ayurveda means the science of life. In Sanskrit Ayur means Life and Veda means Science

Ayurveda is considered by many scholars to be the oldest healing science in the world. It comes from the ancient Vedic culture. As per Indian philosophy there are mainly four Vedas

      i.        Rig Veda

     ii.        Yajur Veda

    iii.        Sama Veda

   iv.        Atharva  Veda

Among all the four Vedas , the mentioning of ancient medicine, way of healthy life are in Atharva Veda. So Ayurveda is considered as the upaveda of Atharva Veda.

From the ancient times man has and must have used measures and medicines to conserve his health and cure his illness. This healing science taught for many thousands of years in an oral tradition  from masters to their disciples.

The principles of Ayurveda based on Pancha Bhoota theory. Panchamahabhoota’s are Prithvi, Agni, Jala, Vayu  and  Akasha.  Everything in this Universe built up with Panchamahabhootas . So human body is  also Panchabhautikatmaka.

Our health is defined as the balanced state of doshas, dhatus and malas Human body is nothing but an organization of various systems , organs, tissues and cells which are functioning in well co-ordinated way.

The various organelles inside the cells which are complex aggregation of specifically arranged biological molecules classified as Vata, Pitta and Kapha (Tridoshas) having specific structure and function. Tridoshas  are also Panchabhautika.

Vata -  Responsible for all movements , stimulates speech centre, respiratory centre, controller of the mind and mental processes. Give shape and form to the embryo. Panchamahabhoota in Vata dosha are Vayu & Akasa.

Pitta -  Represent energy , increases heat production , maintains body temperature , Improving digestion and cellular activities. Panchamahabhoota in Pitta dosha  are Agni & Jala.

Kapha -  Constitutes the main body mass and responsible for it’s shape.

As the third component  Kapha responsible for the formation and maintenance of body fluids. Responsible for the growth and development of the body and healing of wounds.


The cell constitutes the basic living unit:-

A group of structurally and functionally similar co-operative cells is termed as tissue i.e, Dhatus and Sapta dhatus. They  are..

      i.        Rasa    - Body fluid/bile

     ii.        Rakta  - Blood

    iii.        Mamsa  - Muscles

   iv.        Medas  - Fat

    v.        Asthi   -   Bone

   vi.        Majja  -  Bonemarrow

  vii.        Sukra   -  Semen

 Malas    The waste products of the body which include Urine, stool and sweat.

Ayurveda defines a useful and harmful, happy and unhappy life and gives guidelines on what is beneficial and harmful to life. So one deserves to live a happy life should follow the guidelines of Ayurveda and try to possess all the good qualities and follow the rules and good conduct. As our rent life depends on what we do in this life, as well as our deeds in the past lives, we should try to get rid of the cycles of birth and death. This can be achieved by developing a completely detached attitude towards all the worldly affairs, carrying on our duties without expecting any returns and identifying self with soul principle. If one succeeds in carrying out these difficult tasks, one would enjoy a state of supreme and eternal happiness in this life.

Dr. Vandhana Usha






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