The word Ayurveda means the science of life. In Sanskrit Ayur means Life and Veda means Science
Ayurveda is considered by many scholars to be the oldest healing science in the world. It comes from the ancient Vedic culture. As per Indian philosophy there are mainly four Vedas
i. Rig Veda
ii. Yajur Veda
iii. Sama Veda
iv. Atharva Veda
Among all the four Vedas , the mentioning of ancient medicine, way of healthy life are in Atharva Veda. So Ayurveda is considered as the upaveda of Atharva Veda.
From the ancient times man has and must have used measures and medicines to conserve his health and cure his illness. This healing science taught for many thousands of years in an oral tradition from masters to their disciples.
The principles of Ayurveda based on Pancha Bhoota theory. Panchamahabhoota’s are Prithvi, Agni, Jala, Vayu and Akasha. Everything in this Universe built up with Panchamahabhootas . So human body is also Panchabhautikatmaka.
Our health is defined as the balanced state of doshas, dhatus and malas Human body is nothing but an organization of various systems , organs, tissues and cells which are functioning in well co-ordinated way.
The various organelles inside the cells which are complex aggregation of specifically arranged biological molecules classified as Vata, Pitta and Kapha (Tridoshas) having specific structure and function. Tridoshas are also Panchabhautika.
Vata - Responsible for all movements , stimulates speech centre, respiratory centre, controller of the mind and mental processes. Give shape and form to the embryo. Panchamahabhoota in Vata dosha are Vayu & Akasa.
Pitta - Represent energy , increases heat production , maintains body temperature , Improving digestion and cellular activities. Panchamahabhoota in Pitta dosha are Agni & Jala.
Kapha - Constitutes the main body mass and responsible for it’s shape.
As the third component Kapha responsible for the formation and maintenance of body fluids. Responsible for the growth and development of the body and healing of wounds.
The cell constitutes the basic living unit:-
A group of structurally and functionally similar co-operative cells is termed as tissue i.e, Dhatus and Sapta dhatus. They are..
i. Rasa - Body fluid/bile
ii. Rakta - Blood
iii. Mamsa - Muscles
iv. Medas - Fat
v. Asthi - Bone
vi. Majja - Bonemarrow
vii. Sukra - Semen
Malas The waste products of the body which include Urine, stool and sweat.
Ayurveda defines a useful and harmful, happy and unhappy life and gives guidelines on what is beneficial and harmful to life. So one deserves to live a happy life should follow the guidelines of Ayurveda and try to possess all the good qualities and follow the rules and good conduct. As our rent life depends on what we do in this life, as well as our deeds in the past lives, we should try to get rid of the cycles of birth and death. This can be achieved by developing a completely detached attitude towards all the worldly affairs, carrying on our duties without expecting any returns and identifying self with soul principle. If one succeeds in carrying out these difficult tasks, one would enjoy a state of supreme and eternal happiness in this life.
Dr. Vandhana Usha
B A M S
We would be happy to help you